942May 16Saadiah Gaon, head of Talmudic Academy of Sura, died.
955May 16Alberich II, (bastard?) son of Octavianus, was elected pope.
1527May 16Florence expelled the Medici nephews of the Pope and reverted to a republic.
1532May 16Sir Thomas More resigned as English Lord Chancellor.
1568May 16Mary Queen of Scotland fled to England.
1691May 16Jacob Leisler, 1st American colonist, was hanged for treason.
1763May 16The English lexicographer, author and wit Samuel Johnson first met his future biographer, James Boswell.
1770May 16Marie Antoinette (14), married the future King Louis XVI of France (15).
1777May 16Button Gwinnet, US revolutionary leader, died from wounds.
1791May 16James Boswell’s celebrated 2-volume work, “The Life of Samuel Johnson,” was published. In 2001 Adam Sisman authored “Boswell’s Presumptuous Task,” an account of how Boswell came to write the Johnson biography.
1792May 16Denmark abolished slave trade.
1801May 16William Henry Seward was born. He was later Gov. of New York and the American Sec. of State from 1861-1869. Under Pres. Lincoln he purchased Alaska for the United States at 2 cents per acre.
1804May 16Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, founder of the first U.S. kindergarten, was born.
1828May 16Sir William Congreve (b.1772), British artillerist and inventor, died. In 1805 he developed the Congreve Rocket.
1831May 16David Edward Hughes, inventor (microphone, teleprinter), was born.
1850May 16Johannes von Mikulica-Radecki, Polish surgical pioneer, was born.
1860May 16The Republican convention operned in Chicago.
1861May 16Pres. Lincoln commissioned Benjamin F. Butler, a Massachusetts politician, as a major general of volunteers in the US Army.
1863May 16At the Battle of Champion’s Hill, in Mississippi, the bloodiest action of the Vicksburg Campaign, Union General Ulysses S. Grant repulsed the Confederates, driving them into Vicksburg.
1864May 16In the Atlanta Campaign, the battle of Resaca, begun May 13, ended.
1866May 16US Congress authorized the minting of the first five-cent piece, also known as the “Shield nickel.” The Shield nickel was quite effective in replacing the half dime, as its base metal composition discouraged hoarding and caused it to circulate very widely.
1868May 16Bedrich Smetana’s opera “Dalibor,” premiered in Prague.
1879May 16Antonin Dvorak’s “Slavonic Dances” premiered.
1881May 16World’s 1st electric tram went into service in Lichterfelder near Berlin.
1886May 16Douglas Southall Freeman, journalist, historian, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer, was born.
1892May 16Richard Tauber, [Ernst Seiffert], Austria-British, tenor, conductor (“Deine ist mein ganzes Herz”), was born.
1905May 16Henry Fonda (d.1982), actor, was born in Grand Island, Nebraska. He starred in “Grapes of Wrath” and “On Golden Pond.”
1911May 16Remains of a Neanderthal man were found in Jersey, UK.
1912May 16Studs Terkel American author, was born. He wrote The ‘Good War.’ “Take it easy, but take it.”
1913May 16Woody Herman (d.1987), jazz bandleader, was born.
1919May 16Liberace (d.1987), pianist, was born in a Milwaukee suburb as Wladziu Valentino Liberace. At 17 he debuted with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He later averaged an income of $5 million for over 35 years.
1920May 16Joan of Arc was canonized by Pope Benedict XV.
1924May 16Frank F. Mankiewicz, columnist (Perfectly Clear), was born in NYC.
1927May 16US Supreme Court ruled that bootleggers must pay income tax.
1929May 16Betty Carter, jazz singer, was born.
1936May 16San Francisco Municipal Judge Lazarus condemned dance hall operators who made white girls dance with Filipinos. He had just held Terry Santiago (22) to answer a charge of assault with intent to murder for stabbing Norma Kompisch (22) 22 times with an 8-inch butcher knife, despite her cries for mercy. Lazarus had recently call Filipinos “savages.”
1939May 16US food stamps were 1st issued.
1940May 16Bernardo Bertolucci, director (1900, Last Emperor), was born in Parma, Italy.
1943May 16German troops destroyed the synagogue of Warsaw. Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ended after 30 days of fighting.
1944May 16The 1st of over 180,000 Hungarian Jews reached Auschwitz.
1945May 16The Nazi submarine U-234 surrendered to US forces at Portsmouth, NH. It had been bound for Tokyo with 10 containers of uranium oxide. The atomic material ended up in the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1946May 16The Irving Berlin musical “Annie Get Your Gun” opened on Broadway starring Ethel Merman as Annie Oakley. The play closed in 1949 after 1,147 performances.
1948May 16The body of CBS News correspondent George Polk was found in Salonika Harbor in Greece, several days after he’d left his hotel for an interview with the leader of a Communist militia.
1951May 16Chinese Communist Forces launched a second step, fifth-phase offensive [in Korea] and gained up to 20 miles of territory.
1952May 16Pierce Brosnan, actor (Remington Steele, Golden Eye), was born in County Meath, Ireland.
1953May 16Django Reinhardt (b.1910), Gypsy jazz guitarist, died in France. In 2004 Michael Dregni authored “Django: The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend.”
1955May 16Olga Korbut, Olympic gymnast (2 golds-1972), was born in Grodno, Belorussia.
1957May 16Pope Pius XII published his encyclical Invicti Athletae.
1958May 16A man endured a record 82.6 G for .04 seconds on a water-braked rocket sled at Holloman Air Force Base. He was hospitalized for 3 days for recovery.
1960May 16A Big Four summit conference in Paris collapsed on its opening day as the Soviet Union leveled spy charges against the United States in the wake of the U-2 incident.
1963May 16After 22 Earth orbits Gordon Cooper returned to Earth in Friendship Seven, ending Project Mercury.
1965May 16The musical play “The Roar of the Greasepaint — The Smell of the Crowd” opened on Broadway.
1966May 16Columbia Records released Bob Dylan’s album “Blonde on Blonde.”
1969May 16Russia’s Venera 5 landed on Venus and returned data on atmosphere.
1974May 16SLA members William and Emily Harris were identified with Patty Hearst in LA during a shoplifting attempt at Mel’s Sporting Goods store. They escaped in a stolen van with a 19-year-old kidnapped victim.
1975May 16India annexed the Principality of Sikkim. The people of Sikkim had revolted against the monarchy and Sikkim became India’s 22nd and second smallest state.  The Lepchas are the original inhabitants of Sikkim.
1977May 16Five people were killed when a New York Airways helicopter, idling atop the Pan Am Building in midtown Manhattan, toppled over, sending a huge rotor blade flying.
1978May 16Patricia Hearst (24) entered the Federal correctional Institute at Pleasanton, Ca., to resume her 7-year sentence for a SF bank robbery with the SLA.
1979May 16Asa Philip Randolph (b.1889), black labor leader and civil rights pioneer, died in NYC. Randolph brought the word of trade unionism to millions of African American households.
1982May 16In the Dominican Republic the Revolutionary Party, under the leadership of Jose Pena Gomez (1937-1998), won the presidential elections. The PRD’s presidential candidate, Salvador Jorge Blanco, won, and the PRD gained a majority in both houses of Congress. Jose Pena Gomez served as the mayor of Santo Domingo from 1982-1986.
1984May 16Andy Kaufman (35), comedian, died of cancer. He played Latka Gravas in the TV sitcom Taxi.
1985May 16Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls was named NBA Rookie of Year.
1986May 16Argentine ex-president Galtieri (1926-2003) was sentenced to 12 years.
1987May 16Kentucky Derby winner Alysheba captured the Preakness Stakes in Baltimore. Alysheba fell short in the Belmont Stakes, failing to become the first Triple Crown champion since Affirmed.
1988May 16US Surgeon General C. Everett Koop released a report declaring nicotine was addictive in ways similar to heroin and cocaine.
1989May 16During his visit to Beijing, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, formally ending a 30-year rift between the two Communist powers.
1990May 16Sammy Davis Jr. (64), entertainer, died in Los Angeles. Davis owed the IRS $5 million at his death. A settlement was later reached for $300,000. In 2003 Wil Haygood authored “In Black and White: The Life of Sammy Davis, Jr.”
1991May 16US Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third wrapped up his latest Mideast visit in Israel without an agreement for Arab-Israeli peace talks.
1992May 16America3, skippered by Bill Koch, won the 28th defense of the America’s Cup.
1993May 16A two-day Bosnian Serb referendum on a U.N.-backed peace plan ended, with voters rejecting the proposal by a wide margin.
1994May 16Israel began its final withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, shutting down the prison and military headquarters where Israeli soldiers had been in charge since the 1967 Middle East War.
1996May 16The US Treasury Dept. announced planned to issue a new type of government bond that would protect investors from inflation and help government finance the national debt. The new bond would offer returns that would rise and fall in line with inflation.
1997May 16Pres. Clinton spoke an apology for the government’s Tuskegee syphilis study from 1932-1972, in which 399 black men were kept untreated by government scientists in order to study the progression of the disease.
1998May 16“Real Quiet” won the Preakness, two weeks after winning the Kentucky Derby. Real Quiet later failed to capture the Triple Crown, losing the Belmont Stakes to Victory Gallop by a nose.
1999May 16The Justice Department said preliminary figures from the FBI indicated a decline in serious crime in 1998 for the seventh consecutive year.
2000May 16The Federal Reserve raised its federal funds rate by one-half point, the biggest increase in five years.
2001May 16The US State Dept. decided to designate the Real IRA as a terrorist organization and banned fund raising by the group and its supporting organizations.
2002May 16The White House defended President Bush for not disclosing intelligence before the Sept. 11 attacks that Osama bin Laden wanted to hijack U.S. airplanes, saying there had been no specific threat.
2003May 16President Bush launched his re-election campaign.
2004May 16The United States announced a new initiative to speed up the approval process for new combination AIDS drugs that was designed to bring cheap, easy-to-use treatment to millions of people in Africa and the Caribbean.
2005May 16A US Senate report detailing alleged misuse of the program said almost one third of the oil allocations granted under the United Nations’ 1996 to 2003 Iraqi Oil-for-Food program went to Russian parties or individuals.
2006May 16The Pentagon released the first video images of American Airlines Flight 77 crashing into the military headquarters building and killing 189 people on 9/11.
2007May 16Anti-war Democrats in the US Senate failed in an attempt to cut off funds for the Iraq war.
2008May 16Under pressure from Congress the US Energy Dept. said it would temporarily suspend filling the US strategic oil stocks. Oil futures rose to a record $126.29 on the NY Mercantile Exchange. Pres. Bush signed a bill to stop the filling on May 19.
2009May 16President Barack Obama reached across the political divide and named Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman, a potential Republican presidential contender in 2012, to the sensitive diplomatic post of US ambassador to China.
2010May 16Oil from a blown-out well is forming huge underwater plumes as much as 10 miles long below the visible slick in the Gulf of Mexico, scientists said as BP wrestled for a third day with its latest contraption for slowing the nearly month-old gusher.
2011May 16The US and Pakistan agreed to work together in any future actions against “high value targets” in Pakistan, even as US Sen. John Kerry defended Washington’s decision not to tell Islamabad in advance about the American raid that killed Osama bin Laden.
2012May 16The new $1.4 billion int’l. air terminal opened at Hartsfeld-Jackson Atlanta Int’l. Airport.

Source: Timelines of History


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