More than 600 United Methodist clergy and laypeople have signed a formal denominational complaint against fellow United Methodist Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, condemning his role in the United States (U.S.) President, Donald Trump, administration’s “zero-tolerance” policy of separating children from their parents along the U.S.-Mexico border.
The charges include child abuse, immorality, racial discrimination and “dissemination of doctrines contrary to the standards of doctrine of the United Methodist Church.”
The complaint was sent on Monday afternoon to two churches, one in Alabama and the other in the Washington, D.C., suburbs, said to be affiliated with the chief lawyer of the U.S. government.
“We, the undersigned laity and clergy of the United Methodist Church, issue a formal complaint against fellow United Methodist layperson, Jefferson Beauregard Sessions,” reads the letter, which was provided to Religion News Service.
“While we are reticent to bring a formal complaint against a layperson, Mr. Sessions’ unique combination of tremendous social/political power, his leading role as a Sunday School teacher and former delegate to General Conference, and the severe and ongoing impact of certain of his public, professional actions demand that we, as his siblings in the United Methodist denomination, call for some degree of accountability.”
Dave Wright, an ordained United Methodist elder and chaplain at the University of Puget Sound, is the chief author of the letter. He said he hopes the complaint will result in pastoral conversations between Sessions and church leaders.
“My ideal outcome is that his pastors in church leadership who know him will speak with him, and that in those conversations he will be challenged to think through the level of harm he is causing and have a change of heart – which is about as Methodist as you can get,” Wright said.
Of the four charges against Sessions, the first three – child abuse, immorality and racial discrimination – are in reference to the border policy. The last, regarding the dissemination of doctrines against Methodism, follows Sessions’ attempt to defend separating families during a speech on Thursday, in which he rebuked “church friends” who criticized the policy by insisting its enforcement is biblical, citing Romans 13.
David Watson, academic dean and professor of New Testament at United Theological Seminary, called the complaint “an extraordinary development.”
Sessions did not publicly respond to the UMC complaint.
It is “very unusual” for a complaint to be brought against a layperson in the United Methodist Church, Watson said. In recent history, several professors noted, most complaints have been brought against clergy who have performed or entered into same-sex marriages, as the country’s second-largest Protestant denomination has been roiled by debate over the inclusion of its LGBT members.
John Feagins, an ordained UMC elder in the Rio Texas Conference who has taught church polity to pastors, said the letter sets in motion a process that allows a pastor or district superintendent to resolve the issue with the accused pastorally, possibly through a process involving a third-party mediator that United Methodists call “just resolution.”
Just resolution focuses on “repairing any harm to people and communities, achieving real accountability by making things right in so far as possible and bringing healing to all the parties,” according to the Book of Discipline.
The letter concluded: “We look forward to entering into the just resolution process with Mr. Sessions as we seek to journey with him towards reconciliation and faithful living into the gospel.”
If no resolution can be reached, that person’s case could go to a committee on investigation or eventually a church trial. In a worst-case scenario, the court could remove him or her from membership, but the denomination’s rulebook also makes allowances for lesser punishments. That could include things like losing the ability to hold office as a delegate or teach Sunday school.
Sessions, who attended the Methodist-affiliated Huntingdon College in Montgomery, Alabama, has served as a lay leader and chairman of the administrative board in his family’s church, Ashland Place United Methodist Church in Mobile, Alabama.
Feagins noted that ending Sessions’ membership would not be the same as excommunication, which does not exist in the United Methodist Church.
“The goal of a process like this is not the expulsion of someone, but the resolution of conflict – that’s very important, because these things are about a person’s relation to the church,” Feagins said. He said that while he did not sign the letter, he did help author a resolution in his own conference with similar language that asked the attorney general to halt the policy.
No Methodist politician has been similarly charged in a letter of complaint in recent history – at least not “of this nature,” said Kenneth J. Collins, a professor at Asbury Theological Seminary, pointing to the sheer number of people who signed on to the complaint against Sessions. Former President George W. Bush and former first lady Laura Bush are United Methodists, as is former Secretary of State and Democratic presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton.