YEAR DAY EVENT
1026 Mar 23 Koenraad II (Conrad II) crowned himself king of Italy.
1237 Mar 23 Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, died.
1330 Mar 23 Riga surrendered to the Livonian Order.
1490 Mar 23 1st dated edition of Maimonides “Mishna Torah” was published.
1657 Mar 23 France and England formed an alliance against Spain.
1568 Mar 23 Treaty of Longjumeau: French Huguenots went on strike.
1579 Mar 23 Friesland joined the Union of Utrecht.
1752 Mar 23 Pope Stephen II was elected to succeed Zacharias. He died 2 days later.
1769 Mar 23 William Smith, geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), was born.
1792 Mar 23 Franz Joseph Haydn’s “Symphony No. 94 in G Major,” also known as the “Surprise Symphony,” was performed publicly for the first time, in London.
1808 Mar 23 Napoleon’s brother Joseph took the throne of Spain.
1835 Mar 23 Charles Darwin reached Los Arenales in the Andes.
1839 Mar 23 1st recorded use of “OK” [oll korrect] was in Boston’s Morning Post.
1848 Mar 23 Hungary proclaimed its independence of Austria.
1857 Mar 23 Elisha Otis installed the first modern passenger elevator in the 5-story Haughwout and Co. building at 488 Broadway in New York City.
1861 Mar 23 London’s 1st tramcars, designed by Mr. Train of New York, began operating.
1864 Mar 23 Encounter at Camden, AR.
1867 Mar 23 Congress passed a 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Johnson’s veto.
1880 Mar 23 John Stevens of Neenah, Wis., patented the grain crushing mill. This mill allowed flour production to increase by 70 percent.
1881 Mar 23 Gas lamp set fire to Nice, France, opera house and 70 died.
1887 Mar 23 Juan Gris, cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window), was born in Spain.
1889 Mar 23 President Harrison opened Oklahoma for white colonization.
1896 Mar 23 Umberto Giordano’s opera “Andrea Chénier” premiered in Milan.
1901 Mar 23 A group of U.S. Army soldier led by Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston captured Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.
1903 Mar 23 The Wright brothers obtained an airplane patent.
1909 Mar 23 British Lt. Shackleton found the magnetic South Pole.
1910 Mar 23 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway).
1912 Mar 23 Werner von Braun, rocket expert (I Aim at the Stars), was born in  Wirsitz, Germany. He led the development of the V-2 rocket during World War II.
1913 Mar 23 A strong tornado swept through Omaha, Neb., on Easter Sunday leaving over 100 fatalities and millions of dollars in damage.
1917 Mar 23 A 4 day series of tornadoes killed 211 in Midwest US.
1918 Mar 23 Alick Wickham dove 200′ into Australia’s Yarra River.
1919 Mar 23 Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy.
1919 Mar 23 Moscow’s Politburo-Central Committee formed.
1920 Mar 23 Britain denounced the U.S. because of their delay in joining the League of Nations.
     
1921 Mar 23 Arthur G. Hamilton set a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.
1922 Mar 23 1st airplane landed at the US Capitol in Washington DC.
1923 Mar 23 Frank Silver and Irving Conn released “Yes, We Have No Bananas.”
1925 Mar 23 Aleksei Kuropatkin (76), Russian General, minister of War, died.
1927 Mar 23 Captain Hawthorne Gray set a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
1932 Mar 23 The executive committee of the DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) ruled to exclude blacks from appearing at Constitution Hall.
1933 Mar 23 Kroll Opera in Berlin opened.
1936 Mar 23 Italy, Austria and Hungary signed Pact of Rome.
1937 Mar 23 Los Angeles Railway Co. started using PCC streetcars. PCC’s are streetcars that were originally designed under the direction of the Electric Railway Presidents’ Conference Committee, in an attempt by 25 U.S. and Canadian transit companies to develop a standardized streetcar whose many improvements would help to reverse the decline in transit use that had begun in the 1920’s. The committee’s efforts began in late 1929, and the first cars were put into service in New York in October 1936.
1940 Mar 23 1st radio broadcast of “Truth or Consequences” on CBS.
1942 Mar 23 During World War II the US government began moving the first of some 112,000 Japanese-Americans from their West Coast homes to detention centers.
1943 Mar 23 Germans counter attacked US lines in Tunisia.
1944 Mar 23 Nicholas Alkemade fell 5,500 meter without a parachute and lived.
1945 Mar 23 Premier Winston Churchill visited Montgomery’s headquarter in Straelen.
1945 Mar 23 Largest operation in Pacific war: 1,500 US Navy ships bombed Okinawa.
1948 Mar 23 John Cunningham set a world altitude record at 54,492′ (18,133 meters).
1949 Mar 23 Israel signed a ceasefire agreement with Lebanon.
1950 Mar 23 “Great to Be Alive” opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 52 performances.
1951 Mar 23 U.S. paratroopers descended from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.
1956 Mar 23 Soviet students protested the campaign to desanctify Stalin.
1960 Mar 23 Explorer 8 failed to reach Earth orbit.
1962 Mar 23 William DeWitt bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
1964 Mar 23 Peter Lorre (59), actor (Casino Royale), died.
1966 Mar 23 The 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic and Anglican Church.
1967 Mar 23 Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. called the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement.
     
1970 Mar 23 Mafia “Boss” Carlo Gambino was arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.
1971 Mar 23 The US Congress proposed the 26th Amendment lowering the voting age from 21 to 18. It was ratified on July 1, 1971. A similar law in 1970 had been challenged in court.
1973 Mar 23 US performed a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1976 Mar 23 The  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted in 1948, went into effect  three months after the 35th nation ratified it.
1979 Mar 23 Paul McCartney and Wings released “Goodnight Tonight.”
1981 Mar 23 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls seek abortions. U.S. Supreme Court upheld a law making statutory rape a crime for men but not women.
     
1983 Mar 23 Dr. Barney Clark (62), recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.
1986 Mar 23 In the 6th Golden Raspberry Awards the film “Rambo: First Blood Part II” won.
1992 Mar 23 The president of the U.N. Security Council announced that Libya had offered to surrender two men suspected in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 to the Arab League. Libya reversed itself two days later; however, the suspects surrendered for trial seven years later. One was subsequently convicted, the other found innocent.
1994 Mar 23 Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League career record with his 802nd goal.
1997 Mar 23 “Mandy Patinkin in Concert” closed at Lyceum Theater NYC.
1999 Mar 23 The US Senate voted 58-41 to support US participation in a NATO bombing of Serbia.
2000 Mar 23 President Clinton visited the western Indian village of Nayla.
2001 Mar 23 Newspaper columnist Rowland Evans died in Washington D.C. at age 79.
2002 Mar 23 The History Channel hosted it’s 4th annual Harry Awards, named after Herodotus, for the best historical film of 2001.
2003 Mar 23 Michael Moore criticized Pres. Bush and the US-led war in Iraq during his acceptance speech at the Academy Awards, drawing a partial standing ovation and some jeers from Hollywood’s elite.
2004 Mar 23 The Bush administration reported that the Medicare Trust Fund would run out of money in 2019, 7 years earlier that projected in 2003.
2005 Mar 23 A federal appeals court refused to reinsert Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube and the Florida Legislature decided not to intervene in the epic struggle over the brain-damaged woman; Schiavo’s parents then filed a request with the Supreme Court.
2006 Mar 23 The US Federal Reserve ceased publication of the M3 monetary aggregate.
2007 Mar 23 The US House voted for the first time to clamp a cutoff deadline on the Iraq war, agreeing by a thin margin to pull combat troops out by next year and pushing the new Democratic-led Congress ever closer to a showdown with President Bush.
2008 Mar 23 It was reported that 1,195 migrating bison had been culled in Montana after leaving Yellowstone in search of food. The culling was expected to continue through April.
2009 Mar 23 Alaska’s Mount Redoubt volcano erupted five times overnight, sending an ash plume more than 9 miles into the air in the volcano’s first emissions in nearly 20 years.
2010 Mar 23 Talks between US President Barack Obama and Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu failed to produce signs they had ended a dispute which Netanyahu said could block the Middle East peace process for a year.
2011 Mar 23 President Barack Obama left El Salvador earlier than scheduled, cutting short a Central American tour dominated by the US-led military action in Libya.
2012 Mar 23 The Obama administration said it would resume military aid to Egypt.
2013 Mar 23 The US Pentagon said it has reached an agreement to transfer the Parwan Detention Facility to Afghan control.
     

Source: Timelines of History

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