657 Jul 26 Mu’awiyan defeated Caliph Ali in the Battle of Siffin in Mesopotamia [now Iraq].
796 Jul 26 Offa, king of Mercia (in central England), died.
811 Jul 26 Nicephorus I, Byzantine Emperor (802-11), died in the Battle at Pliska. The Bulgarian under monarch Krum beat the Byzantines.
1267 Jul 26 The Inquisition formed in Rome under Pope Clement IV.
1497 Jul 26 “Edward IV’s son” Perkin Warbeck’s army landed in Cork.
1524 Jul 26 James I became king of Scotland at age 12.
1526 Jul 26 The Spaniard Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon and his colonists left Santo Domingo in the Caribbean for Florida.
1529 Jul 26 Francisco Pizarro received a royal warrant in Toledo, Spain, to “discover and conquer” Peru.
1579 Jul 26 Francis Drake left SF to cross Pacific Ocean.
1588 Jul 26 Captain John Hawkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
1656 Jul 26 Rembrandt declared he is insolvent.
1678 Jul 26 Joseph I Habsburg, German king, Roman catholic emperor (1705-11), was born.
1680 Jul 26 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet, courtier, died.
1775 Jul 26 The Continental Congress established a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general in Philadelphia.
1782 Jul 26 John Field, pianist, composer (Nocturnes), was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1788 Jul 26 New York became the 11th state to ratify the Constitution.
1790 Jul 26 An attempt at a counter-revolution in France was put down by the National Guard at Lyons.
1791 Jul 26 Franz Xavier Wolfgang Mozart, 6th child of Austrian composer WAM, was born.
1794 Jul 26 After remaining uncharacteristically silent for several weeks, Robespierre demanded that the National Convention punish “traitors” without naming them.
1796 Jul 26 George Catlin, American artist and author, was born.
1805 Jul 26 Constantine Brumidi, artist (Myrtle Murdock), was born.
1822 Jul 26 Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin held a secret meeting.
1826 Jul 26 Riots in Vilnius, Lithuanian, caused the death of many Jews.
1848 Jul 26 Charles Ellet Jr., engineer, completed a light suspension bridge over the Niagara River. A boy’s kite was used to transfer the 1st line across.
1856 Jul 26 George Bernard Shaw (d.1950), Irish-born, English dramatist, critic and social reformer (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), was born in Dublin. “The worst sin toward our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them; that’s the essence of inhumanity.”
1858 Jul 26 Baron Lionel de Rothschild became the 1st Jew elected to British Parliament.
1863 Jul 26 Samuel Houston (70), 1st Pres. of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), died.
1864 Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood’s Third Sortie].
1870 Jul 26 In France Marx’s “First Address” was approved and internationally distributed by the General Council of the International Working Men’s Association.
1871 Jul 26 Ferdinand Hayden (1830-1887) and his government sponsored team arrived at the Yellowstone Lake and the geyser fields.
1874 Jul 26 Serge Koussevitsky, conductor of the Boston Symphony, was born in Vishny-Volotchok, Russia.
1882 Jul 26 Richard Wagner’s final opera “Parsifal,” premiered in Bayreuth, Germany.
1886 Jul 26 William Gladstone was replaced by Lord Salisbury as prime minister of England.
1895 Jul 26 Gracie Allen, vaudeville, screen, radio and television personality, wife and foil of George Burns, was born.
1908 Jul 26 Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile’s last elected president (1970-73), was born.
1909 Jul 26 The SS Waratah left Durban, South Africa, with 211 passengers and crew. The steamship, enroute from Melbourne to London, was due in Cape Town 3 days later, but never arrived.
1914 Jul 26 Austrian-Hungary condemned a Serbian ultimatum.
1917 Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover got job with the Justice Department.
1918 Jul 26 Britain’s top war ace, Edward Mannock, was shot down by ground fire on the Western Front.
1922 Jul 26 Jason Robards Jr, actor (A Thousand Clowns, Any Wednesday), was born in Chicago.
1925 Jul 26 Tyeb Mehta, painter and film maker, was born in Gujarat, India. In 2005 one of his paintings fetched $1.58 million.
1926 Jul 26 Philippines government asked the US to plebiscite for independence.
1928 Jul 26 Bernice Rubens, Welsh novelist and filmmaker, was born.
1929 Jul 26 Jean Shepherd, humorist (Playboy satire Award 1966, 1967, 1969), was born.
1939 Jul 26 The London Times reported the discovery of a buried ship and other artifacts at Sutton Hoo. Archeologist later suspected that it was an empty grave and memorial for a 7th century Anglo-Saxon chief.
1940 Jul 26 Mary Jo Kopechne (d.1969), killed while driving with Ted Kennedy, was born.
1941 Jul 26 Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897), American linguist, died. He had argued that different languages condition or restrain the mind’s habits of thought.
1942 Jul 26 Roman Catholic churches protested the Dutch bishops’ stand against the spread of Judaism.
1943 Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny’s commando group arrived in Rome.
1944 Jul 26 The first desegregation in the US Army.
1945 Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigned as Britain’s prime minister after his Conservatives were soundly defeated by the Labor Party. Clement Attlee became the new prime minister.
1946 Jul 26 President Truman ordered the desegregation of all US forces.
1952 Jul 26 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1956 Jul 26 The Italian liner Andrea Doria sank off New England, some 11 hours after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm; at least 51 people died.
1957 Jul 26 Pres. Carlos Castillo Armas of Guatemala was assassinated.
1958 Jul 26 Britain’s Prince Charles (9), was made the Prince of Wales by his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, although his investiture did not take place until the following year.
1959 Jul 26 There was a partial nuclear reactor meltdown at Rocketdyne’s Santa Susana Field Laboratory 30 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. A report in 2006 said it may have caused hundreds of cases of cancer in the community, and that chemicals threatened to contaminate ground and water.
1963 Jul 26 In San Francisco The Fly Trap restaurant at 73 Sutter St. closed to make room for the 43-story Wells Fargo Tower.
1964 Jul 26 Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund.
1965 Jul 26 Republic of Maldives (Falkland Islands) gained independence from Britain.
1968 Jul 26 Britain’s Theater Act abolished censorship of the theatre and amended the law in respect of theatres and theatrical performances.
1971 Jul 26 Apollo 15 was launched from Cape Kennedy.
1973 Jul 26 Peter Shaffer’s “Equus,” premiered in London.
1984 Jul 26 Ed Gein (b.1906), mass murderer (movie “Psycho” based on him), died.
1986 Jul 26 Kidnappers in Lebanon released the Reverend Lawrence Martin Jenco, an American hostage held for nearly 19 months.
1987 Jul 26 US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger said the Navy’s anti-mine capabilities would be improved in the Persian Gulf in the wake of a mine explosion that damaged the tanker Bridgeton.
1988 Jul 26 U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iran’s foreign minister in the first formal talks about a cease-fire for the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq.
1989 Jul 26 Mark Wellman, a 29-year-old paraplegic, reached the summit of El Capitan in Yosemite National Park after hauling himself up the granite cliff six inches at a time over nine days.
1990 Jul 26 US Congress passed and Pres. George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
1991 Jul 26 Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman) was arrested in Florida for exposing himself at an adult movie theater.
1992 Jul 26 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) went into effect.
1993 Jul 26 President Clinton launched a harder sell for his budget at a conference in Chicago, accusing Republicans of gridlock.
1994 Jul 26 The US House Banking Committee opened limited hearings on the Whitewater controversy.
1995 Jul 26 The Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
1996 Jul 26 Amy Van Dyken became the first American woman to win four gold medals at a single Olympics as she captured the 50-meter freestyle in Atlanta.
1997 Jul 26 In Belgium at the Ostend Air Show a Jordanian aerobatics airplane crashed and killed 9 people.
1998 Jul 26 AT&T and British Telecommunications PLC announced they were forming a joint venture to combine international operations and develop a new Internet system. The joint venture, known as Concert, proved a money-loser and was shut down.
1999 Jul 26 Cary Stayner, a motel handyman, described in detail for an off-camera jailhouse interview with San Francisco TV station KBWB how he’d killed a naturalist and three Yosemite sightseers.
2000 Jul 26 George W. Bush and his just-chosen running mate, Dick Cheney, set out on their first campaign excursion together as they visited Cheney’s former hometown of Casper, Wyoming.
2001 Jul 26 Hewlett-Packard announced 6,000 worldwide job cuts and JDS Uniphase announced another 7,000 cuts.
2002 Jul 26 The US Republican-led House voted, 295 to 132, to create an enormous Homeland Security Department, the biggest government reorganization in decades.
2003 Jul 26 Backers of a drive to oust California Governor Gray Davis held a boisterous celebration at the state Capitol in Sacramento, more than two months before the Oct. 7 recall election.
2004 Jul 26 A new variation of the Mydoom computer virus spread across the Internet.
2005 Jul 26 Danny Simon (86), TV comedy writer and older brother of Neil Simon, died in Portland, Ore.
2006 Jul 26 Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki addressed US Congress and asked for more US reconstruction aid. He did not talk of sectarian violence in Iraq and did not mention Hezbollah.
2007 Jul 26 The US Senate passed, 85-8, a measure intensifying national anti-terror efforts.
2008 Jul 26 In southern Afghanistan NATO-led soldiers killed four civilians after opening fire on a car that did not stop at a checkpoint.
2009 July 26 Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin stepped down and was replaced by Lt. Gov. Sean Parnell.
2010 Jul 26 A special tribunal in Bangladesh issued arrest warrants against four senior leaders of the country’s largest Islamic party ahead of a planned trial over alleged crimes against humanity during the nation’s 1971 independence war.
2011 Jul 26 Oregon Rep. David Wu (56) said he would resign his Democratic seat in the US Congress following allegations of sexual misconduct with a teenage girl.
2012 Jul 26 The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced that 90 people had been arrested after a nationwide bust. Agents also seized some 5 million packets of synthetic drugs and supplies to make 14 million more.
2013 Jul 26 The Obama administration said it plans to repatriate two inmates to Algeria from the detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
2014 Jul 26 The United States evacuated its Libyan embassy staff under air cover as they faced a “real risk” from fierce fighting around Tripoli airport.

Source: Timelines of History

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