1208 Feb 24 Francis of Assisi (26) decided to become a priest in Portiuncula, Italy.
1500 Feb 24 Charles V, king of Spain (1516-1556), was born in Ghent, Belgium. He was the last Holy Roman Emperor to be crowned by the Pope.
1525 Feb 24 In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captured the French king Francis I at the battle of Pavia, in Italy. This was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521-26.
1538 Feb 24 Ferdinand of Hapsburg and John Zapolyai, the two kings of Hungary, concluded the peace of Grosswardein.
1582 Feb 24 Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull, or edict, outlining his calendar reforms. The old Julian Calendar had an error rate of one day in every 128 years. This was corrected in the Gregorian Calendar of Pope Gregory XIII, but Protestant countries did not accept the change till 1700 and later.
1595 Feb 24 Mathias Casimir Sarbievius, poet and prof. at Vilnius Univ., was born in Sarbev, Poland. He died in Warsaw Apr 2, 1640.
1607 Feb 24 Claudio Monteverdi’s opera “Orfeo,” premiered at the Court Theater in Mantua.
1616 Feb 24 Qualifiers of the Holy Office concluded that a sun-centered theory was “foolish and absurd in philosophy, and formally heretical, inasmuch as it expressly contradicts the teachings of many passages of Holy scriptures.”
1619 Feb 24 Charles Le Brun, painter, designer, was born in Paris.
1704 Feb 24 Marc-Antoine Charpentier, French composer (church music), died.
1766 Feb 24 Samuel Wesley (d.1837), composer, organist (Exultate Deo), was born in Bristol, England. He studied, played, and preached Bach.
1768 Feb 24 Lithuania-Poland signed an eternal friendship treaty with Russia along with a guarantee of protection. Lithuania and Poland agreed not to change their state system.
1785 Feb 24 Carlo Bonaparte (39), Corsican attorney, died.
1786 Feb 24 Wilhelm Carl Grimm (d.1859), compiler of “Grimm’s Fairytales,” was born in Germany.
1786 Feb 24 Charles Cornwallis, whose armies had surrendered to US at Yorktown, was appointed governor-general of India.
1803 Feb 24 The US Supreme Court ruled itself the final interpreter of constitutional issues. Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserted the authority of the judicial branch. The US Supreme Court 1st ruled a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison).
1807 Feb 24 In a crush to witness the hanging of Holloway, Heggerty and Elizabeth Godfrey in England 17 died and 15 were wounded.
1813 Feb 24 Off Guiana, the American sloop Hornet sank the British sloop Peacock.
1815 Feb 24 Robert Fulton (b.1765), steamboat pioneer, died at age 49. In 2001 Kirkpatrick Sale authored the biography: “The Fire of His Genius.”
1821 Feb 24 Mexico rebels proclaimed the “Plan de Iguala,” their declaration of independence from Spain, and took over the mission lands in California.
1825 Feb 24 Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, died. His expurgated Shakespeare edition was published in 1818.
1836 Feb 24 Some 3,000 Mexicans under Gen. Santa Ana launched an assault on the Alamo, with its 182 Texan defenders. The siege lasted 13 days.
1838 Feb 24 Thomas Benton Smith, Brig. General (Confederate Army), was born in Mechanicsville, Tennessee. He was wounded at Stone’s River/Murfreesboro and again at Chickamauga. He was captured at the Battle of Nashville (1864) where he was beaten over the head with a sword by Col. William Linn McMillen of the 95th Ohio Infantry. His brain was exposed and it was believed he would die. He recovered partially and spent the last 47 years of his life in the State Asylum in Nashville, Tennessee, where he died on May 21, 1923. He’s buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee.
1839 Feb 24 A steam shovel was patented by William Otis, Philadelphia.
1841 Feb 24 John Phillip Holland, inventor of the modern submarine, was born.
1842 Feb 24 Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer (Mefistofele), was born.
1846 Feb 24 Luigi Denza, composer, was born.
1848 Feb 24 King Louis-Philippe abdicated and the 2nd French republic was declared.
1855 Feb 24 US Court of Claims was formed for cases against the government.
1863 Feb 24 Arizona was organized as a territory.
1864 Feb 24-25 Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard’s Roost).
1868 Feb 24 The 1st US parade with floats was at the Mardi Gras in Mobile,  Alabama.
1874 Feb 24 Honus Wagner, baseball shortstop, was born. He later became known as “The Flying Dutchman.”
1876 Feb 24 Henrik Ibsen’s “Peer Gynt,” premiered in Oslo.
1885 Feb 24 Chester Nimitz, was born. He was the U.S. admiral who commanded naval forces in the Pacific during WWII.
1887 Feb 24 Mary Ellen Chase (d.1973), New England writer, was born. “Suffering without understanding in this life is a heap worse than suffering when you have at least the grain of an idea what it’s all for.”
1895 Feb 24 The Cuban War of Independence began.
1903 Feb 24 The United States signed an agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Pres. Roosevelt leased the site for 2,000 gold coins a year, about $4,080 in 2002.
1905 Feb 24 Russian Minister of Agriculture, Alexi Yermolov offered the Czar a new constitution.
1908 Feb 24 Japan officially agreed to restrict immigration to the U.S.
1909 Feb 24 August Derleth, writer (Still is the Summer Night, The Shield of the Valiant), was born.
1912 Feb 24 The Jewish organization Hadassah was founded in New York City.
1914 Feb 24 Joshua Chamberlain (85) died. He was the Bowdoin College Maine professor whose incredible defense of Little Round Top at Gettysburg and other heroics earned him promotion to Major General and the Congressional Medal of Honor.
1916 Feb 24 Jules Verne’s “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea” opened in New York.
1917 Feb 24 The British presented the decoded Zimmermann telegram, a German plot for Mexican help, to Pres. Wilson and an enraged Wilson released the document to the American public on March 1. On April 6, 1917, America formally declared war on Germany and her Allies.
1918 Feb 24 Estonia’s Independence Day. Estonia proclaimed independence from Russia.
1920 Feb 24 A fledgling German political party held its first meeting of importance at Hofbrauhaus in Munich; it became known as the Nazi Party, and its chief spokesman was Adolf Hitler.
1921 Feb 24 Herbert Hoover became Secretary of Commerce. In a January 1926 letter to then Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, the senior Guggenheim announced the establishment of the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics.
1924 Feb 24 Mahatma Gandhi was released from jail.
1928 Feb 24 In its first show to feature a Black artist, the New Gallery of New York exhibited works of Archibald Motley.
1932 Feb 24 Michel Legrand, composer (Summer of ’42, Windmills of Your Mind), was born.
1933 Feb 24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin took place.
1934 Feb 24 Renata Scotto, soprano (Violetta, La Traviata), was born in Savona, Italy.
1938 Feb 24 The first nylon products, toothbrushes, were marketed in New Jersey by Du Pont.
1939 Feb 24 Hungary signed an anti-Communist pact with Italy, Germany and Japan.
1942 Feb 24 The Voice of America went on the air for the first time with broadcasts in German. The US State Dept. made William Winter (d.1999) its first Voice of America three months before the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
 1944 Feb 24 Barry Bostwick, actor (Rocky Horror Show, Megaforce), was born in San Mateo, Ca.
1945 Feb 24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha was killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
1946 Feb 24 Argentinians went to the polls to elect Juan D. Peron (50) their president. He held the office until 1955.
1947 Feb 24 Franz von Papen was sentenced to eight years in a labor camp for war crimes. Pompous scion of an old aristocratic family, he became chancellor of Germany in the year 1932.
1949 Feb 24 A V-2 WAC-Corporal was the 1st rocket to outer space. It was fired at White Sands, NM, and reached 400 km.
1952 Feb 24 The French evacuated Hoa Binh in Vietnam in order to mass for the Tonkin Delta drive.
1953 Feb 24 Karl R.G. von Rundstedt (77), German general and field marshal at Ardennes, died.
1955 Feb 24 Steven Jobs, co-founder (Apple Computer), was born.
1959 Feb 24 Khrushchev rejected the Western plan for the Big Four meeting on Germany.
1962 Feb 24 New York police seized $20 million worth of heroin.
1965 Feb 24 Beatles began filming “Help” in Bahamas.
1966 Feb 24 A military coup overthrew Ghana’s Pres. Kwame Nkrumah. He fled to Guinea.
1969 Feb 24 The US Supreme Court in the Tinker vs. Des Moines School District case ruled that students had the right to express opinions at odds with the government.
1970 Feb 24 29 Swiss Army officers died in avalanche at Reckingen, Switzerland.
1971 Feb 24 Algeria nationalized French oil companies.
1972 Feb 24 Hanoi negotiators walked out of the peace talks in Paris to protest U.S. air raids on North Vietnam.
1975 Feb 24 Hans Bellmer (b.1902), German surrealist artist, died in Paris. He made paper-mache female dolls and photographed them in skewed configurations.
1976 Feb 24 H. Allen Smith (b.1907), author, TV host (Armchair Detective), died.
1977 Feb 24 Pres. Carter announced the US was cutting off all military aid to Ethiopia because of its human rights violations. The unstated reason was the US desire to cooperate with Saudi Arabia to lure Somalia from the Soviet camp, an effort which was ultimately successful.
1980 Feb 24 The U.S. hockey team defeated Finland, 4-2, to clinch the gold medal at the Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, N.Y.
1981 Feb 24 Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Britain’s Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.
1983 Feb 24 A US congressional commission, the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as a “grave injustice.”
 1986 Feb 24 Sherri Rasmussen (29) was beaten, shot and killed at her condominium in Los Angeles. In 2009 Police detective Stephanie Lazarus (49) was charged with the murder following DNA evidence linking her to the murder of her former boyfriend’s wife. On May 11, 2012, Lazarus (52) was sentenced to 27 years to life in prison.
1987 Feb 24 Fawn Hall, former personal secretary to fired National Security Council aide Oliver L. North, posed for news photographers outside her attorney’s office, calling the attention “a little overwhelming.”
1988 Feb 24 In a 8-0 ruling that expanded legal protections for parody and satire, the US Supreme Court overturned a $200,000 award that the Rev. Jerry Falwell had won against “Hustler” magazine and publisher Larry Flynt.
1989 Feb 24 A cargo door blew off a United Air Lines Boeing 747-100 flying near Hawaii; the explosive release of pressure pulled nine passengers to their deaths.
1990 Feb 24 Malcolm Forbes (70), magazine publisher died in Far Hills, N.J.
1991 Feb 24 The United States and its Gulf War allies launched a large-scale ground assault against Iraqi troops, many of whom surrendered to the advancing forces. General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition army, sent in ground forces to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqis.
1992 Feb 24 Secretary of State James A. Baker III told a House subcommittee that Israel should stop building settlements in the occupied territories, or forfeit $10 billion in U.S. loan guarantees. A fourth round of Mideast peace talks began in Washington, D.C.
1993 Feb 24 At the Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Eric Clapton won six trophies, including album of the year for “Unplugged” and record and song of the year for “Tears in Heaven.”
1994 Feb 24 US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders labeled smoking an “adolescent addiction” and accused the tobacco industry of trying to convince teen-agers that cigarettes will make them sexy and successful.
1995 Feb 24 Under pressure from farm-state Republicans, House leaders abandoned a campaign promise to disband the food stamp program.
1996 Feb 24 Steve Forbes won the Delaware presidential primary.
1997 Feb 24 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright met in Beijing with Chinese officials, telling them to improve their country’s record on human rights or face condemnation by the United States and its allies.
1998 Feb 24 It was reported that German researchers used human fibroblast growth factor, FGF-1, to grow new blood vessels around clogged coronary arteries.
1999 Feb 24 The Senate voted overwhelmingly to give the nation’s military the biggest benefits increase since the early 1980s.
2000 Feb 24 In Arizona Salvatore Gravano, “Sammy the Bull,” was arrested for financing a drug ring led by Michael Papa, the founding member of a white supremacist gang.
2001 Feb 24 US Sec. of State Colin Powell met [in Jerusalem, in Cairo] with Igor Ivanor, the Russian foreign minister, and pledged a constructive approach to dealing with Iraq, missile defenses and other points of policy discord.
2002 Feb 24 The XIX Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City came to a close. In one of the last events Canada beat the US hockey team 5-2 for the gold. Cross-country skiers from Spain and Russia were stripped of gold medals for failing drug tests.
2003 Feb 24 Seeking U.N. approval for war against Iraq, the United States, Britain and Spain submitted a resolution to the Security Council declaring that Saddam Hussein had missed “the final opportunity” to disarm peacefully and indicating that he had to face the consequences.
2004 Feb 24 Pres. Bush called for a constitutional amendment to ban marriage between members of the same sex.
2005 Feb 24 In Ohio Rosemarie Essa was killed in a car crash after losing consciousness. Her husband Dr. Yazeed Essa vanished in 2006 and was arrested months later in Cyprus. In 2009 he returned to Cleveland to face murder charges. In 2010 Dr. Essa (41) was convicted of lacing her calcium supplement with cyanide so that he could be with his mistress.
2006 Feb 24 Mitchell Wade, a US defense contractor, pleaded guilty to conspiring with former Rep. Randy Cunningham of San Diego County with bribes and help in evading taxes in exchange for over $150 million in government contracts since 2002.
2007 Feb 24 In Arkansas tornado winds injured 40 people and damaged dozens of homes and businesses. Much of the town of Dumas was destroyed. The Midwest storm system was blamed for 8 traffic deaths, 7 in Wisconsin and one in Kansas.
2008 Feb 24 Joel and Ethan Coen’s crime saga “No Country for Old Men” won a leading four Academy Awards, including best picture. All four acting prizes went to Europeans: Frenchwoman Marion Cotillard, the best-actress winner for “La Vie En Rose”; Spaniard Javier Bardem, who took supporting actor for “No Country”; and Brits Daniel Day-Lewis and Tilda Swinton, he claiming his second best-actor honor for “There Will Be Blood,” she winning supporting actress for “Michael Clayton.”
2009 Feb 24 President Barack Obama told Japanese PM Taro Aso that his nation was the cornerstone of US security policy in East Asia and America’s links to the world economy.
2010 Feb 24 The US got help from Europe in its troubled drive to shut down Guantanamo Bay, as Spain accepted a former inmate from the prison for terror suspects and the tiny Balkan nation of Albania took in three more.
2011 Feb 24 US authorities launched Operation Fallen Hero-Bombardier, a crackdown on Mexican drug cartels, just over a week after the shooting death of a US immigration officer in Mexico. Raids quickly followed in the United States, Colombia, Brazil and Central America.
2012 Feb 24 In West Virginia a judge approved a settlement in a class-action suit by residents of Nitro who said Monsanto had polluted their area by burning dioxin wastes left over from the production of Agent Orange.
2013 Feb 24 In the 85th Annual Academy Awards Jennifer Lawrence wins the Best Actress award for “Silver Linings Playbook”; Daniel Day-Lewis won Best Actor for “Lincoln”; Best Picture went to “Argo.” A Best Picture/Best Director split occurred since Ben Affleck was curiously not nominated for the award.
2014 Feb 24 Harold Ramis (b.1944), American writer, director and actor, died at his Chicago-area home. His film work included Meatballs” (1979), “Caddyshack” (1980), “Ghostbusters”  (1984), “Groundhog Day” (1993), and “Analyze This” (1999).

Credit: Timelines of History




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