526 May 18 St. John I, Catholic Pope (523-526), died.
1160 May 18 Erik IX Helgi (The Saint), King of Sweden, died. According to legends, the king was beheaded and miracles occurred after his death. Uppsala Cathedral was later built on the murder site to house his remains.
1291 May 18 Sultan of Egypt and his son took the last Christian stronghold of Acre.
1302 May 18 The weaver Peter de Coningk led a massacre of the Flemish oligarchs at the French garrison (Brugse Metten).
1410 May 18 Ruprecht, Roman Catholics German king, died.
1587 May 18 Felix van Cantalice, Italian saint, died.
1596 May 18 Willem Barents left Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya.
1604 May 18 (OS)England and Spain agreed signed the Treaty of London ending the 19 year Anglo-Spanish war.
1619 May 18 Hugo the Great (1582-1645), Hugo de Groot or Grotius, Dutch scholar, the “Father of Int’l. Law” and author of the 1st treatise on the law of the sea, Mare liberum,” was sentenced to life in prison.
1625 May 18 Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, Spanish marquis of Denia, died.
1631 May 18 English colony of Massachusetts Bay granted Puritans voting rights and John Winthrop was elected 1st governor of Massachusetts.
1642 May 18 The Canadian city of Montreal was founded by French colonists.
1643 May 18 Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, was granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king’s will.
1652 May 18 A law was passed in Rhode Island banning slavery in the colonies but it caused little stir and seemed unlikely to be enforced.
1653 May 18 Carel Reyniersz (48), Governor-General of Netherlands and East Indies, died.
1675 May 18 Jacques Marquette (37), Jesuit, missionary in Chicago, died.
1692 May 18 Joseph Butler Wantage Berkshire, theologian, was born.
1703 May 18 Dutch and English troops occupied Cologne.
1711 May 18 Ruggiero G. Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer, was born.
1724 May 18 Johann K. Amman (54), Swiss-Dutch doctor for deaf-mutes, died.
1733 May 18 Georg Bohm (71), German organist, composer, died.
1767 May 18 Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky (28), composer, died.
1788 May 18 Hugh Clapperton, African explorer, was born in Annan, Scotland.
1792 May 18 Russian troops invaded Poland.
1794 May 18 The 2nd battle of Bouvines was between France and Austria.
1797 May 18 Frederik Augustus II, King of Saxon (1836-54), was born.
1803 May 18 Great Britain declared war on France after General Napoleon Bonaparte continued interfering in Italy and Switzerland.
1804 May 18 The French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.
1808 May 18 Jacob Albright [Albrecht] (49), German-US preacher, died.
1828 May 18 The Battle of Las Piedras, ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil.
1829 May 18 Bernardo Bittoni, composer, died.
1830 May 18 Karl Goldmark Keszthely, composer, was born in Hungary.
1832 May 18 Bonafacio Asioli, composer, died.
1836 May 18 Wilhelm Steinitz was born. The Czech-born world chess champion (1866-94) later became a naturalized American.
1839 May 18 Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte (57), countess of Lipona (anagram of Napoli), died and was buried in Bologna.
1843 May 18 United Free Church of Scotland formed.
1846 May 18 US troops attacked at the Rio Grande and occupied Matamoros.
1850 May 18 Oliver Heaviside, physicist who predicted existence of ionosphere, was born.
1851 May 18 The Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked.
1852 May 18 Massachusetts ruled that all school-age children must attend school.
1860 May 18 The Republican Convention in Chicago nominated Abraham Lincoln for US president and Senator Hannibal Hamlin of Maine as Vice President. Other presidential candidates included William Seward and Salmon Chase.
1861 May 18 Battle of Sewall’s Point VA was the 1st Federal offense against South.
1862 May 18 William High Keim (b.1813), US Union Brigadier-General, died in camp of fever in Harrisburg, Pa.
1863 May 18 Siege of Vicksburg, MS.
1864 May 18 Jan P. Veth Bayern, Dutch painter, etcher, lithographer, art historian, was born.
1866 May 18 French Government of De Putte resigned.
1868 May 18 Nicholas II, the last Russian czar (1894-1917), was born. He and his family, were assassinated by revolutionaries.
1872 May 18 Bertrand Russell (d.1970), English mathematician, philosopher and social reformer, was born.
1880 May 18 In the 6th Kentucky Derby George Lewis aboard Fonso won in 2:37½.
1883 May 18 Walter Gropius (d.1969), architect and founder of the Bauhaus school of design, was born in Berlin, Germany. “The human mind is like an umbrella. It functions best when open.”
1884 May 18 Heinrich R. Göppert, German paleo-botanist, died.
1885 May 18 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (1945-50), was born.
1887 May 18 Emmanuel Chabrier’s opera “Le Roi Malgré Luis” premiered in Paris, France.
1889 May 18 Jules Massenet’s opera “Esclarmonde” premiered in Paris, France.
1891 May 18 Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist), was born.
1897 May 18 Frank Capra, movie director, was born. He is best remembered for “It’s A Wonderful Life.”
1898 May 18 Juan J. Domenchina, Spanish poet, interpreter (sombra desterrada), was born.
1899 May 18 The First Hague Peace Conference opened in the Netherlands as 26 nations met on World Goodwill Day. The destruction or seizure of enemy property with no military value was banned at the convention. The czar of Russia had called for a disarmament conference that, for reasons of diplomatic niceties and international rivalries, ended up in The Hague.
1900 May 18 Britain proclaimed a protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.
1902 May 18 Meredith Willson (Wilson), composer and lyricist (The Music Man), was born in Mason City, Iowa.
1904 May 18 Jacob K. Javits, US Senator-R-NY, was born.
1909 May 18 George Meredith (81), English poet, writer (Diana of Crossways), died.
1910 May 18 Passage of Earth through tail of Halley’s Comet caused near-panic.
1911 May 18 Joseph Vernon “Big Joe” Turner, blues singer, was born in Kansas City, MO.
1912 May 18 Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, In Cold Blood), was born in Philadelphia, PA.
1913 May 18 Perry Como (Pierino Roland Como, d. 2001), singer, was born in Canonsburg, Pa.
1916 May 18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shot down German aircraft.
1917 May 18 The U.S. Congress passed the Selective Service act, calling up soldiers to fight World War I.
1918 May 18 Toivo Kuula (34), composer, died.
1919 May 18 Margot Fonteyn (d.1991), ballet dancer, was born in Surrey, England, as Peggy Hookham.
1922 May 18 Dutch 2nd Chamber agreed to a 48 hour work week over the previous 45 hours.
1924 May 18 At the Olympics in Paris the American rugby team beat the French 17-3. Only France Rumania and America fielded rugby teams. Rugby was dismissed from the Olympics after rival fans rioted following the American upset victory.
1926 May 18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
1927 May 18 “Slide Lake” in Gros Ventre, WY, collapsed.
1930 May 18 Joao Marcellino Arroyo (68), composer, died.
1931 May 18 Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashed his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He was picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.
1932 May 18 Luigi Malvese, bootleg gangster, was ambushed and shot to death in front of the Del Monte Barbershop at 720 Columbus Ave, SF, Ca. A police dragnet rounded up some 1,000 “usual suspect” in an attempt to pressure the underworld to rein in its wild men. Louis Dinato, Al Capone’s tailor, was among those rounded up.
1933 May 18 The Tennessee Valley Authority Act was signed by President Roosevelt. The TVA proceed to build damns in the Tennessee Valley.
1934 May 18 TWA began commercial service.
1936 May 18 Alick Maclean (63), composer, died.
1940 May 18 German forces under Field Marshal Georg von Kuchler (1881-1968) occupied Antwerp, Netherlands.
1941 May 18 An Egyptian steamer sank.
1942 May 18 New York ended night baseball games for the rest of World War II.
1943 May 18 Allied bombers attacked Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea.
1944 May 18 The Allies in Italy finally captured Monte Cassino, Europe’s oldest Monastic house, after a four-month struggle that claimed some 20,000 lives. The Polish 2nd Army corps, at a staggering loss of life, captured the convent of Monte Cassino.
1947  May 18 John Bruton, Prime Minister (Republic of Ireland), was born.
1948 May 18 “Ballet Ballads” opened at Music Box Theater in NYC for 62 performances.
1949 May 18 Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporated.
1950 May 18 “Liar” opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 12 performances.
1951 May 18 US General Collins predicted the use of atom bomb in Korea.
1952 May 18 Professor WF Libby said Stonehenge dated back to 1848 BC.
1953 May 18 Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
1954 May 18 European Convention on Human Rights went into effect.
1955 May 18 28.7 cm rain fell at Lake Maloya, NM, for a state record.
1956 May 18 Queen Juliana opened the Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam.
1957 May 18 In the 83rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold Ruler won in 1:56.2.
1960 May 18 Eileen Fulton began playing Lisa on the TV soap “As the World Turns” and continued for over 30 years.
1961 May 18 “Donnybrook!” opened at 46th St Theater in NYC for 68 performances.
1963 May 18 “Beast in Me” closed at Plymouth Theater in NYC after 4 performances.
1964 May 18 David Frost interviewed Paul McCartney on the BBC.
1965 May 18 Gene Roddenberry suggested 16 names including Kirk for Star Trek Captain.
1966 May 18 Paul Althaus (78), German theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), died.
1967 May 18 Tennessee Gov. Buford Ellington signed a measure repealing the “Monkey Law” against teaching evolution that was used to prosecute John T. Scopes in 1925.
1968 May 18 In Maryland’s 94th Preakness Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass won in 1:56.8.
1969 May 18 “Canterbury Tales” closed at Eugene O’Neill in NYC after 121 performances.
1971 May 18 The 3rd Bulgarian constitution went into effect.
1972 May 18 “Me & The Chimp” last aired on CBS-TV.
1973 May 18 Russian party leader Brezhnev visited West Germany.
1974 May 18 “The Streak” by Ray Stevens hits #1.
1975 May 18 Leroy Anderson (b.1908), American composer, died.
1976 May 18 Zelmar Michelini and Hector Gutierrez, prominent Uruguayan lawmakers, were seized from their homes in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found days later along with those of suspected rebels suspected guerrillas William Whitelaw and Rosario Barredo.
1978 May 18 Russian dissident Yuri Orlov was sentenced to 7 years in a strict-regime labor camp. The Russian physicist was arrested Feb 10, 1977.
1980 May 18 At 8:32 a.m. Mount Saint Helens, in Washington, erupted. It burst 3 times in 24 hours after rumbling for two months and left 57 people dead or missing. The mountain lost over 1,300 feet of elevation and gained a two-mile-long and one mile-wide crater.
1981 May 18 Arthur O’Connell (73), actor (Mr. Peepers, Second Hundred Years), died.
1983 May 18 The US Senate passed the Simpson-Mazzoli bill for immigration reform. It offered millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program.
1985 May 18 In the 111th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Tank’s Prospect won in 1:53.4.
1986 May 18 “Singin’ in the Rain” closed at the Gershwin Theater in NYC after 367 performances.
1987 May 18 Sen. Paul Simon of Illinois entered the Democratic presidential race.
1988 May 18 Daws Butler (b.1916), cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), died.
1989 May 18 In China a million protestors filled Tiananmen Square.
1990 May 18 The TV movie “Return To Green Acres” aired.
1991 May 18 “Hansel” won the 116th running of the Preakness Stakes.
1992 May 18 The Supreme Court ruled that states may not force mentally unstable criminal defendants to take anti-psychotic drugs while on trial unless a good reason is shown to require the medication.
1993 May 18 Voters in Denmark ratified the European Community’s Maastricht Treaty on closer economic and political union.
1994 May 18 The Tropical Butterfly Garden at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opened.
1995 May 18 Triumphant US Republicans pushed a historic budget through the House that they said would wring an unprecedented $1.4 trillion in savings from federal budgets over the next seven years.
1996 May 18 Louis Quatorze won the Preakness.
1997 May 18 “King David” opened at New Amsterdam Theater in NYC.
1998 May 18 The US Justice Dept. filed an antitrust action against Microsoft Corp. for embedding its own browser in its operating system, thus limiting competition from others such as Netscape. The Justice Department and Microsoft reached a settlement in 2001.
1999 May 18 Pres. Clinton declared for the first time that he would consider ground troops in Kosovo if he becomes convinced that the NATO bombing strategy would not bring victory.
2000 May 18 Sante Kimes and Kenneth Kimes, mother-and-son grifters, were convicted in New York of murdering Irene Silverman in a plot to steal her elegant townhouse mansion. The body of the 82-year-old millionaire widow has never been found.
2001 May 18 Brazil ordered consumers and businesses to cut energy use by 20% due to shortages created by drought. Rationing was to start June 1.
2002 May 18 War Emblem won the Preakness Stakes, setting up a shot at the Triple Crown. However, he came up short at the Belmont Stakes, which was won by long shot Sarava.
2003 May 18 “Les Miserables” closed on Broadway after more than 16 years and 6,680 performances.
2004 May 18 Randy Johnson (40) pitched a perfect game to lead the Arizona Diamondbacks to a 2-0 victory over the Atlanta Braves.
2005 May 18 President Bush offered his unqualified support for Egypt’s political reform process as he received PM Ahmed Nazief at the White House.
2006 May 18 Prisoners with makeshift weapons battled guards trying to save a detainee pretending to commit suicide at the US prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The coordinated attack left six prisoners injured.
2007 May 18 The White House and Congress failed to strike a deal after exchanging competing offers on an Iraq war spending bill that Democrats said should set a date for US troops to leave.
2008 May 18 In SF the 97th running of the Bay to Breakers drew some 60,000 participants, of which 33,000 had officially registered.
2009 May 18 The US Justice Department accused Wyeth, one of the nation’s biggest drug makers, of cheating Medicaid programs out of hundreds of millions of dollars by overcharging for a stomach acid drug.
2010 May 18 Arizona voters approved a 1% sales tax increase.
2011 May 18 The US slapped sanctions on Syrian Pres. Bashar Assad and six of his senior officials for human rights abuses.
2012 May 18 Pres. Obama pledged that the United States will keep providing emergency aid to feed the world’s hungry and said that firms had committed $3 billion to improve agriculture.
2013 May 18 Arkansas Treasurer Martha Shoffner was arrested in an FBI sting operation. She accused of taking at least $36,000 from a broker who later came to manage a large share of the state’s $3.3 billion stock and bond portfolio.
2014 May 18 Bosnian officials said over 300 landslides triggered by unprecedented rains have left hundreds of people homeless. The floods and landslides unearthed minefield warning signs from the 1992-95 war and, in many cases, the unexploded booby traps themselves.

Source: Timelines of History



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