YEAR DAY EVENT
79CE Aug 25 Gaius Plinius Secundus, [Plinius Maior], Roman admiral, writer, died in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
325 Aug 25 Council of Nicaea ended with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. The Council also decreed that priests cannot marry after their ordination.
383 Aug 25 Flavius Gratianus (25), Emperor of Rome (375-383), was murdered.
882 Aug 25 Louis III (19), King of France (879-82), died.
1212 Aug 25 Children’s crusaders under Nicolas (10) reached Genoa.
1330 Aug 25 Anti-Pope Nicolaas V overthrew himself.
1425 Aug 25 Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escaped from jail.
1499 Aug 25 Battle at Sapienza: An Ottoman fleet beat Venetians.
1540 Aug 25 Explorer Hernando de Alarcon traveled up the Colorado River.
1566 Aug 25 Iconoclastic fury began in the Dutch province of Utrecht. Fanatical Calvinists instigated religious riots in the Netherlands.
1580 Aug 25 Spain defeated Portugal in the Battle of Alcantara.
1628 Aug 25 There was as assault on sultan of Mantarams of Batavia (the former name of Djakarta, Indonesia).
1689 Aug 25 The Iroquois took Montreal.
1698 Aug 25 Czar Peter the Great returned to Moscow after his trip through West-Europe.
1718 Aug 25 Hundreds of French colonists arrived in Louisiana, with some of them settling in present-day New Orleans.
1758 Aug 25 The Prussian army defeated the invading Russians at the Battle of Zorndorf. Thousands were killed.
1765 Aug 25 In protest over the stamp tax, American colonists sacked and burned the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson. In 1774 he was exiled to Britain. In 1974 Bernard Bailyn authored “The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson.”
1789 Aug 25 Mary Ball Washington, mother of George, died.
1802 Aug 25 Toussaint L’Ouverture was imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France.
1804 Aug 25 In England Alice Meynell became the 1st woman jockey.
1814 Aug 25 British forces destroyed the Library of Congress, containing some 3,000 books.
1825 Aug 25 Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.
1829 Aug 25 Pres. Jackson made an offer to buy Texas, but the Mexican government refused.
1835 Aug 25 Ann Rutledge (22), said to be Lincoln’s true love, died in Ill.
1836 Aug 25 Bret Harte (d.1902), American author and journalist (Outcasts of Poker Flat), was born in Albany, NY. “The only sure thing about luck is that it will change.”
1857 Aug 25 The California gold rush town of Columbia burned down in a 2nd fire that was blamed on a Chinese cook. Miners soon evicted all Chinese from the town.
1862 Aug 25 Union and Confederate troops skirmished at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign.
1864 Aug 25 A combination rail and ferry service became available from SF to Alameda, Ca.
1867 Aug 25 Michael Faraday (b.1791), discoverer of electromagnetic induction (1831), died. In 2004 James Hamilton authored “A Life of Discovery: Michael Faraday, Giant of the Scientific Revolution.”
1875 Aug 25 Captain Matthew Webb (1848-1883) became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 21 hours and 45 min. Swimming the Channel entails about 35 miles of swimming due to currents in waters that are 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
1901 Aug 25 Clara Maass (25), army nurse, sacrificed her life to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever.
1908 Aug 25 The National Association of Colored Nurses was formed.
1912 Aug 25 An aircraft recovered from a spin for the 1st time.
1914 Aug 25 German troops marched into France and pushed the French army to the Sedan.
1919 Aug 25 The 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane between Paris and London.
1924 Aug 25 An international maritime treaty was drawn.
1925 Aug 25 Asa Philip Randolph (36) began to organize the Pullman Sleeping Car Porters’ Union.
1928 Aug 25 An expedition led by Richard E. Byrd set sail from Hoboken, N.J., on its journey to Antarctica.
1929 Aug 25 Graf Zeppelin passed over SF for LA following a trans-Pacific voyage.
1932 Aug 25 Amelia Earhart completed a transcontinental flight.
1937 Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockaded the Chinese coast.
1940 Aug 25 Jose Van Dam, bass-baritone, was born in Brussels, Belgium.
1941 Aug 25 German troops conquered Novgorod, Leningrad.
1942 Aug 25 German SS began transporting Jews of Maastricht, Neth.
1942 Aug 25 W. van Daalen, opposition leader on Celebes, was beheaded.
1943 Aug 25 U.S. forces completed the occupation of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II. Losing Hill 700 to the Japanese meant defeat for the American forces on Bougainville. To the men of the 37th Infantry Division, that was unthinkable.
1943 Aug 25 Lord Mountbatten was appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia.
1944 Aug 25 Romania declared war on Germany.
1945 Aug 25 John Birch, Baptist missionary and US army intelligence specialist, was killed by Chinese Communists. His death is considered the first US death in the struggle against communism.
1945 Aug 25 Jewish immigrants were permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine.
1949 Aug 25 Martin Amis, English novelist, was born. His work included “Money, Time’s Arrow.”
1955 Aug 25 Last Soviet forces left Austria.
1958 Aug 25 President Eisenhower signed a measure providing pensions for former U.S. presidents and their widows.
1961 Aug 25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros resigned.
1964 Aug 25 Singapore limited imports from Netherlands due to Indonesian aggression.
1973 Aug 25 France performed a nuclear test at Muruora Island.
1983 Aug 25 The US and USSR signed a $10 billion grain pact.
1987 Aug 25 Dow Jones industrial stock avg. reached a record 2722.42.
1989 Aug 25 NASA scientists received stunning photographs of Neptune and its moons from Voyager 2.
1991 Aug 25 In the 43rd Emmy Awards: LA Law, Cheers, Kirstie Alley and Patricia Wettig won.
1992 Aug 25 President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton appeared separately before the American Legion in Chicago; Bush cited his World War II military service while Clinton sought to bury the controversy over his Vietnam-era draft status.
1994 Aug 25 The US Senate passed a $30 billion crime bill, a major victory for Pres. Clinton.
1996 Aug 25 President Clinton began a whistle-stop train trip in Huntington, W.Va., that would take him to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
1997 Aug 25 The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida to settle a smoking-related lawsuit.
1998 Aug 25 Jose Antonio Llama, a member of the board of the Cuban-American National Foundation was indicted along with 6 other men for plotting to kill Fidel Castro in 1997.
1999 Aug 25 It was reported that Mickey Rooney had joined animal rights activists to support legislation to outlaw “crush” videos, which depict small animals being killed by scantily clad women.
2000 Aug 25 Daniel Wiant (35), former executive of the American Cancer Society, pleaded guilty to embezzling nearly $8 million from the charity.
2001 Aug 25 Univ. of Chicago doctors announced that they a kept a human kidney operating for 24 hours in a machine that simulated a warm human body.
2002 Aug 25 Acclaimed bass-baritone William Warfield (82), best known for his rendition of “Ol’ Man River” in the musical “Show Boat,” died in Chicago.
2003 Aug 25 In southeastern Afghanistan US jets hit a Taliban hideout and at least 14 insurgents were killed.
2004 Aug 25 An Army investigation found that 27 people attached to an intelligence unit at Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad either approved or participated in the abuse of Iraqi prisoners.
2005 Aug 25 The US base closing commission voted to shut down the Army’s historic Walter Reed hospital as it endorsed much of Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld’s broader plan to streamline support services across the Army, Navy and Air Force.
2006 Aug 25 A college student’s checked luggage on a Continental Airlines flight that had arrived in Houston from Buenos Aires, Argentina, was found to contain a stick of dynamite, one of six security incidents that day that caused US flights to be diverted, evacuated or searched.
2007 Aug 25 Wyoming Republicans decided to hold their delegate selection process on Jan 5, 2008, before both Iowa and New Hampshire.
2008 Aug 25 The US Democratic Convention opened in the Pepsi Center of Denver, Colorado, where Sen. Edward Kennedy passed the party’s crown to Barack Obama.
2009 Aug 25 The US White House forecast a 10-year federal deficit of $9 trillion, more than the sum of all previous deficits since America’s founding.
2010 Aug 25 Cosan, Brazil’s biggest sugar and ethanol producer, signed a $12 billion joint venture with Royal

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