YEAR DAY EVENT
10 BCE Aug 1 Claudius (d.54CE), Roman Emperor, was born. Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus, the nephew of Tiberius and grandson of the wife of Augustus, was made emperor after Caligula.
126CE Aug 1 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman emperor (193 AD), was born.
527 Aug 1 Justinus I, Byzantine emperor (518-27), died.
860 Aug 1 Peace of Koblenz involved Charles the Bare, Louis the German & Lotharius II.
902 Aug 1 The Aghlabid rulers of Ifriqiyah (modern day Tunisia) captured Taormina, Sicily.
1086 Aug 1 English barons submitted to William the Conqueror.
1096 Aug 1 The crusaders under Peter the Hermit reached Constantinople. Anna Comnena, a 13 year-old Christian in Constantinople, watched as the crusaders marched into the city.
1137 Aug 1 Louis the Younger (1120-1180) of France was crowned King Louis VII. He had married Eleanor, the Duchess of Aquitaine, just a few months earlier.
1464 Aug 1 Piero de Medici succeeded his father, Cosimo, as ruler of Florence.
1485 Aug 1 Henry (VII) Tudor’s army set sail from Harfleur to Wales.
1589 Aug 1 Monk Jacques Clement attempted to murder French King Hendrik III.
1628 Aug 1 Francesco Gonzaga (37), composer, died.
1664 Aug 1 The Turkish army was defeated by French and German troops at St. Gotthard, Hungary.
1686 Aug 1 Benedetto Marcello, Italian author, composer (Lettera Famigliare), was born in Venice, Italy.
1689 Aug 1 A siege of Londonderry, Ireland, by the Catholic Army of King James II ended in failure. The Protestants were victorious and the event led to the annual Apprentice Boy’s March. The group is named in honor of 13 teenage apprentices, all Protestants, who bolted the city gates in front of the advancing Catholic forces at the start of the 105-day siege.
1711 Aug 1 Czar Peter the Great fled Azov after being surrounded.
1714 Aug 1 Queen Anne (1702-1714) of Britain died at age 48. By the 1701 Act of Settlement Prince George Louis (54) of Hanover succeeded her as King George I (d.1727).
1740 Aug 1 Thomas Arne’s song “Rule Britannia,” which celebrated Britain’s military and commercial prowess, was performed for the 1st time. It grew to become the unofficial anthem.
1744 Aug 1 Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, French zoologist, was born.
1759 Aug 1 British and Hanoverian armies defeated the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany. The marquis de Lafayette was killed by a British cannonball and his son, Gilbert du Motier (2), inherited the title. In 1777 Lafayette joined the American Continental Army.
1770 Aug 1 William Clark, American explorer, was born in Charlottesville, VA. He led the Corps of Discovery with Meriwether Lewis.
1774 Aug 1 British scientist Joseph Priestley succeeded in isolating oxygen from air in Calne, England. He called his new gas “dephlogisticated air.”
1779 Aug 1 Francis Scott Key, author of the “Star Spangled Banner,” was born.
1781 Aug 1 English army under Lord Cornwallis occupied Yorktown, Virginia.
1791 Aug 1 Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, freed all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in U.S. history.
1801 Aug 1 The American schooner Enterprise captured the Barbary cruiser Tripoli.
1808 Aug 1 Joachim Murat (1767-1815), French marshal and Napoleon’s brother in law, became king of Naples (1808-1815) and Sicily.
1815 Aug 1 Richard Henry Dana (d.1882), US jurist, novelist, lawyer and sailor, was born. He wrote “Two Years Before the Mast.”
1818 Aug 1 Maria Mitchell (d.1889), the first female astronomer in the U.S., was born. She discovered a comet in 1847 and was the first prof. of astronomy at Vassar College. In 1869 she was the first woman elected to the American Philosophical Society.
1819 Aug 1 Herman Melville (d.1891), American novelist, author of Moby Dick, was born. In 1996 part one of a 2-part biography was published by Hershel Parker: Herman Melville: 1819-1851. In 1951 Leon Howard wrote a biography. Melville wrote 5 books between 1845-1850. They included “Typee” and “White-Jacket.”
1825 Aug 1 William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, began experiments to study the digestive system of Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader who was accidentally shot in the abdomen in 1822.
1831 Aug 1 London Bridge opened to traffic.
1843 Aug 1 Robert Todd Lincoln (d.1926), son of Abraham Lincoln, Capt (Union volunteers), was born.
1862 Aug 1 James Henley Thornwell (b.1812), Presbyterian preacher from South Carolina, died.
1863 Aug 1 Battle of Little Rock, AK, and start of the Chattanooga campaign.
1864 Aug 1 Union General Ulysses S. Grant gave general Philip H. Sheridan the mission of clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Confederate forces.
1872 Aug 1 The first long-distance gas pipeline in the U.S. was completed. Designed for natural gas, the two-inch pipe ran five miles from Newton Wells to Titusville, Pennsylvania.
1876 Aug 1 Colorado was admitted as the 38th state.
1880 Aug 1 Sir Frederick Roberts freed the British Afghanistan garrison of Kandahar from Afghan rebels.
1889 Aug 1 John F. Mahoney, developed penicillin treatment of syphilis, was born.
1893 Aug 1 Henry Perky and William Ford patented a machine for making shredded wheat breakfast cereal.
1894 Aug 1 The First Sino-Japanese War erupted, the result of a dispute over control of Korea; Japan’s army routed the Chinese.
1907 Aug 1 The US Air Force had its beginnings as the US Army Signal Corps established an aeronautical division in charge of “all matters pertaining to military ballooning, air machines and all kindred subjects.”
1914 Aug 1 France and Germany mobilized.
1917 Aug 1 Frank Little, IWW organizer, was lynched in Butte, MT
1922 Aug 1 Lithuania adopted a new Constitution.
1931 Aug 1 Tom Wilson (cartoonist of Ziggy), was born.
1933 Aug 1 The National Recovery Administration’s “Blue Eagle” symbol began to appear in store windows and on packages to show support for the National Industrial Recovery Act.
1939 Aug 1 Synthetic vitamin K was produced for the first time.
1941 Aug 1 The Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo plane made its first flight.
1942 Aug 1 Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, was born.
1943 Aug 1 Race-related rioting erupted in New York City’s Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.
1944 Aug 1 Anne Frank’s last diary entry; 3 days later she was arrested.
1946 Aug 1 President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Sen. William J. Fulbright.
1950 Aug 1 Lead elements of the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division arrived in Korea from the United States.
1951 Aug 1 Jim Carroll, musician and writer of “The Basketball Diaries,” was born
1953 Aug 1 Fidel Castro was arrested in Cuba. [see Jul 26]
1954 Aug 1 The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into two countries at the 17th parallel. U.S. complicity in the overthrow of South Vietnam’s president made it impossible to stay uninvolved in the war. The Geneva Accords called for elections in 1956 and put a limit on the presence of foreign advisors. US military advisors were limited to 685.
1957 Aug 1 The United States and Canada reached agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
1958 Aug 1 US atomic sub USS Nautilus 1st dove under the North Pole.
1960 Aug 1 Dahomey, just west of Nigeria, became independent from France with Hubert Maga as president. It was renamed Benin with the capital at Porto Novo.
1964 Aug 1 Beatles’ “Hard Day’s Night” single went #1.
1966 Aug 1 In Nigeria Gen’l. Yakuba Gowon (b.1934) was named head of state and ruled until 1975.
1970 Aug 1 The dance piece “The Fugue,” created by Twyla Tharp (b.1941), premiered at the Univ. of Massachusetts in Amherst.
1971 Aug 1 The Concert For Bangladesh, two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, played to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden.
1972 Aug 1 The 1st article exposing Watergate scandal was published by Bernstein and Woodward.
1976 Aug 1 Liz Taylor had her 6th divorce when she re-divorced Richard Burton.
1977 Aug 1 In Uruguay teacher Julio Castro disappeared. His remains were identified in 2011 using DNA tests.
1978 Aug 1 Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds, who had tied the National League record of hitting in 44 consecutive games, saw his streak end in a game against the Atlanta Braves.
1980 Aug 1 In Iceland Vigdis Finnbogadottir (b.1930) began serving as president and the world’s first female head of state. She was re-elected 3 times and retired in 1996.
1981 Aug 1 Paddy Chayefsky (b.1923), dramatist and screenwriter, died of cancer in NYC.
1988 Aug 1 Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh began broadcasting his nationally syndicated radio program.
1990 Aug 1 Robert Stempel took charge at GM.
1992 Aug 1 The US Supreme Court permitted the Bush administration to continue returning Haitians intercepted at sea to their Caribbean homeland.
1993 Aug 1 The city of St. Louis found itself besieged by the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, which had swelled to record levels after months of flooding in nine Midwestern states.
1994 Aug 1 Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirmed they had secretly married eleven weeks earlier.
1995 Aug 1 In the second TV network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corporation struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. A day earlier, Walt Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC for $19 billion.
1996 Aug 1 In a political victory for President Clinton, a federal jury in Little Rock, Ark., acquitted two Arkansas bankers of misapplying bank funds and conspiracy to boost his political career; the jury deadlocked on seven other counts.
1997 Aug 1 Pres. Clinton announced that the 1978 ban on sales of high-performance aircraft and other advanced weapons to Latin America would be lifted.
1998 Aug 1 Dismissing as “an empty promise” GOP-backed legislation to create a patients’ bill of rights, President Clinton in his Saturday radio address pressed Congress to pass a measure that would allow patients to sue their health insurers.
1999 Aug 1 A US heat wave that had gripped the nation since mid-July finally broke; authorities attributed nearly 200 deaths to the heat and humidity.
2000 Aug 1 A US military court in Germany sentenced Army Staff Sergeant Frank Ronghi to life in prison without parole for sexually assaulting and killing Merita Shabiu, an eleven-year-old ethnic Albanian girl, while on peacekeeping duty in Kosovo.
2001 Aug 1 The US House passed energy legislation that included opening the Arctic national Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling.
2002 Aug1 The United States and a bloc of Southeast Asian nations signed a sweeping anti-terrorism treaty.
2003 Aug 1 The Belgian Senate gave final approval to a scaled-down war crimes law that the government hopes will repair relations with Washington and preserve Belgium’s role as NATO headquarters.
2004 Aug 1 The US government warned of possible al-Qaida terrorist attacks against specific financial institutions in New York City, Washington and Newark, N.J.
2005 Aug 1 President Bush sidestepped the Senate and installed embattled nominee John Bolton as ambassador to the United Nations. Bolton would only be able to serve until the end of the current Congress i.e. December 2006.
2006 Aug 1 Former President Clinton and mayors of some of the world’s largest cities announced an initiative to combat climate change and increase energy efficiency in everything from street lights to building materials.
2007 Aug 1 SF police and homeless outreach workers rousted people sleeping in Golden Gate Park and other parks and encampments.
2008 Aug 1 US Federal and state regulators closed First Priority Bank of Bradenton, Florida, the 8th US bank to fail this year. It would be acquired by SunTrustBanks Inc.
2009 Aug 1 The new US Post-9/11 GI Bill took effect to reimburse veterans for their full undergraduate tuition at public colleges. An amount equivalent to that tuition would go to veterans who choose private schools or graduate programs.
2010 Aug 1 In Alaska a Fairchild C-123 registered to All West Freight of Delta Junction crashed in Denali National Park killing all 3 people on board.
2011 Aug 1 The Obama administration sued to block enforcement of Alabama’s new immigration law, widely considered to be the toughest measure in the United States to try to crack down on illegal immigrants.
2012 Aug 1 It was reported that President Barack Obama has signed a secret order authorizing US support for rebels seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government.
2013 Aug 1 The United States and Pakistan agreed to re-establish a “full partnership”, hoping to end years of acrimony over US drone strikes on Pakistani soil, the raid that killed Osama bin Laden and other grievances.
2014 Aug 1 US Pres. Obama signed the Unlocking Consumer choice and Wireless Competition Act.

Source: Timelines of History

 

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